These focus on homestays, language skills, community service, or cultural activities.
High school and university students can apply for the programs through various government or non-governmental organizations that organize the programs.
Some programs require students to pass a standardized test for English language comprehension prior to being accepted into a program taking them to the United States. Most exchange students become fluent in the language of the host country within a few months.
Some exchange programs, such as the Congress-Bundestag Youth Exchange, are government-funded programs.
Programs select the candidates most likely to complete the program and serve as the best ambassadors to the foreign nation.A short-term exchange lasts from one week to three months and doesn’t require the student to study in any particular school or institution.The students are exposed to an intensive program that increases their understanding of other cultures, communities, and languages.The home country organization will contact a partner organization in the country of the student’s choice. Lower cost programs can result in a student participating without a supervisor being available nearby to check on the student's well-being.Students accepted for the program may or may not be screened by the organization in their home country. may be allowed to come on the recommendation of the organization in their home country, or the hosting partner may require the student to submit a detailed application, including previous school report cards, letters from teachers and administrators, and standardized English fluency exam papers. Programs provided by agencies that provide compensation for representatives are more likely to retain local representatives to assist and guide the student and keep track of their well-being.
Upon their return to their home country they are expected to incorporate this knowledge into their daily lives, as well as give a presentation on their experience to their sponsors.