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A list of the principal primary sources for Whitby Abbey can be seen on the National Archives website.
Anglian Whitby There are two documentary sources for the history of Streaneshalch and the foundation of the Anglian abbey: The Benedictine Abbey The main documentary source for the Benedictine abbey at Whitby is its cartulary (London, British Library, Add MS 4715), a compilation of the charters by which it had been given property and legal privileges, which also includes the only account of its foundation.
The cartulary has been published as: Whitby Museum (Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society) A collection of archaeological finds, recovered during the 1920s site clearances and mainly from the Anglian period, is held by the Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society at Whitby Museum.
It includes dress accessories, domestic items, Anglo-Saxon stone and ceramics.
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For details of current charges for these services see the archive’s price list.
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and Legacy (Pickering, 2008) Braddy, GS, ‘Deira, Bernicia and the synod of Whitby’, Cleveland History, 87 (2004), 3–13 Brindle, S, Whitby Abbey (English Heritage guidebook, London, 2010) [buy the guidebook] Burton, JE, ‘The monastic revival in Yorkshire: Whitby and St Mary’s, York’, in Anglo-Norman Durham, 1093–1193, ed DW Rollason, MM Harvey and M Prestwich (Woodbridge, 1994), 41–51 Burton, J, The Monastic Order in Yorkshire, 1069–1215 (Cambridge, 1999) Busby, P, ‘Whitby Headland cliff-top’, Cf A News, 1 (2001), 6 Busby, P, ‘Whitby Abbey; an archaeologist's view’, Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society Annual Report (2002), 25–7 Charlton, L, History of Whitby and Whitby Abbey (York, 1779) Clapham, AW, Whitby Abbey, Yorkshire (Ministry of Works guidebook, London, 1952) Colgrave, B, ‘The earliest life of St Gregory the Great, written by a Whitby monk’, in Celt and Saxon: Studies in the Early British Border, ed NK Chadwick (Cambridge, 1963), pp 119–37 Cramp, R, ‘A reconsideration of the monastic site of Whitby’, in The Age of Migrating Ideas: early medieval art in northern Britain and Ireland – proceedings of the Second International Conference on Insular Art, Scotland, 1991, ed MR Spearman and J Higgitt (Edinburgh and Stroud, 1993), pp 64–73 Foot, S, Monastic Life in Anglo-Saxon England c 600–900 (Cambridge, 1999) Fry, DK, ‘Anglo-Saxon lyre tuning pegs from Whitby’, Medieval Archaeology, 20 (1976), 137–9 Harrison, K, ‘The Synod of Whitby and the beginning of the Christian era in England’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 45 (1973), 108–14 Haseloff, G, ‘An Anglo-Saxon openwork mount from Whitby Abbey’, Antiquaries Journal, 30 (1950), 170–74 Henning, BD (ed), The House of Commons, 1660–1690, vol 2 (London, 1983), 62–3 [entry on Sir Hugh Cholmley II] Higgitt, J, ‘Monasteries and inscriptions in early Northumbria: the evidence of Whitby’, in From the Isles of the North: early medieval art in Ireland and Britain – proceedings of the Third International Conference on Insular Art held in the Ulster Museum, Belfast, 7–11 April 1994, ed C Bourke (Belfast, 1995), 229–36 Howard, RE, et al, , English Heritage Research Department Report 37/2006 (Swindon, 2006) Hunter, D, ‘Whitby Abbey Heritage Lottery funded excavations and recording’, CBA Yorkshire Forum (2003), 34–8 Jennings, S, ‘Evidence for Anglian glass working at Whitby’, AIHV Annales, 16 (2005), 207–9 Jennings, S, and Wilmott, T, ‘Excavations on the Whitby Abbey headland’, Research News (English Heritage), 9 (2008), 8–11 Jennings, S, Muldowney, E and Wilmott, T, ‘Work on the East Cliff at Whitby, 2002’, Whitby Literary and Philosophical Society Annual Report (2002), 25–7 Jennings, S, Muldowney, E and Wilmott, T, ‘Excavation and evaluation on the East Cliff at Whitby, 2002’, (2003), 32–4 Johnson, M, ‘The Saxon monastery at Whitby: past, present, future’, in In Search of Cult: Essays in Honour of Philip Rahtz, ed M Carver (Woodbridge, 1993), 85–9 Jones, CW, Saints' Lives and Chronicles in Early 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Heritage Research Department Report 70/2007 (Swindon, 2007) Mays, SA and Vincent, S, , English Heritage Research Department Report 27/2009 (Swindon, 2009) Miller, P, Mills, J and Bryan, P, ‘Scanning for change: assessing coastal erosion at Whitby Abbey Headland’, Research News (English Heritage), 9 (2008), 4–7 Page, W (ed), Victoria County History: A History of Yorkshire North Riding, vol 2 (London 1923), 506–28 [accessed ] Paynter, S and Lucas, V, , English Heritage Research Department Report 31/2010 (Swindon, 2010) Pearson, FR, The Abbey House, Whitby, under the Cholmley Family (Whitby, 1954) Peers, C and Radford, CAR, ‘The Saxon monastery of Whitby’, Archaeologia, 89 (1943), 27–88 [the only significant archaeological report to have been published to date] Radford, CAR, ‘A medieval leaden cross from Whitby’, Antiquaries Journal, 20 (1940), 508–9 Rahtz, PA, ‘Whitby 1958’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 40 (1959–62), 604–18 Rahtz, PA, ‘Whitby 1958, Site Two’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 42 (1967), 72–3 Rahtz, PA, ‘Appendix C: the building plan of the Anglo-Saxon monastery of Whitby Abbey’, in The Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England, ed DM Wilson (London, 1976), 459–62 Rahtz, PA, ‘Anglo-Saxon and later Whitby’, Yorkshire Monasticism: Archaeology, Art and Architecture, from the 7th to 16th Centuries, ed LR Hoey, British Archaeological Association, Conference Transactions, 16 (Leeds, 1995), 412–14 Stopford, J, ‘The case for archaeological research at Whitby’, in Early Deira: Archaeological Studies of the East Riding in the Fourth to Ninth Centuries AD, ed H Geake and J Kenny (Oxford and Oakville, Connecticut, 2000), 99–107 Styles, T, ‘Whitby revisited: Bede's explanation of Streanaeshalch’, Nomina, 21 (1998), 133–48 Waters, C, A History of Whitby and Its Place Names (Stroud, 2011) White, A, ‘Finds from the Anglian monastery at Whitby’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 56 (1984), 33–40 White, A, A History of Whitby (Chichester, 1993) Wilmott, T, The Whitby Abbey Headland Project, 1993–2013 (English Heritage, forthcoming) Wilson, DM (ed), The Archaeology of Anglo-Saxon England (London, 1976) Young, G, A History of Whitby and Streoneshalh Abbey, 2 vols (Whitby, 1817) Unpublished Reports Copies of some of these reports are held in the library at the Historic England Archives, Swindon, open to the public Tuesday–Friday 9.30–17.00; [email protected]; tel (01793) 414630/414632.
This collection ranges from nationally significant Anglian stone crosses and grave covers to Romanesque and Gothic architectural stonework, including examples of many of the moulding designs used to decorate the buildings, evidence of mason’s marks and techniques and painted decoration.
There is also an assemblage of ceramics and a range of small finds from the Anglian, medieval and Cholmley periods.